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This is an independent informational site covering semiconductors and related materials. Items presented here are in-depth, but in laymen's language. Technical jargon is explained.
Machines polish the surface of a new wafer to a mirror smooth finish. A flawless super smooth surface allows circuit patterns to print better during processing. Polished wafers start out in a non-conductive state. To make them semiconductive, various materials are deposited onto the wafer step by step. Specific circuit patterns are then etched at each step.
Doubling the number of transistors in a processor every two years is an exponential progression and after many, many years it has shown no signs of stopping. Today, it describes a remarkable 50 year streak that has given us countless forms of computers, smartphones, and other devices. The impact of Moore’s Law on modern life can not be overstated.
Intel has 4 "major" processor chip families:
* Multiple super fast - the Xeon Phi family.
* Single fast processor - the Xeon family.
* Desktop processor - the Core family.
* Very low power - the Atom family.
All Intel processors support the original x86 instruction set plus some new ones.
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Random Access Memory (RAM) has become a generic term for any semiconductor memory that can be written to as well as read from. All semiconductor memory has the property of random access, which means that it takes the same amount of time to access any memory location. RAM data can be efficiently accessed in any random order.
A solid state drive (SSD) is a storage device that uses non-volatile memory chips to store data. SSD consumer products mostly use electronic interfaces compatible with traditional hard disk drives (HHDs). This allows for easy SSD replacement in personal computers such as desktops, laptops, ultrabooks and pads. Smartphones also use SSDs for their memory.